Light peels: penetrate the top layers of the Stratum Corneum (horny layer)that is the surface part of the Epidermis.
Medium peels: disturb the Epidermis and stimulate the new cell development.
Deep peels: require an anesthesia and take up to 6 weeks to heal.
Alpha Hydroxy Acid (fruit acid peels) are used in various concentrations. They are recommended as the effects are not aggressive. They give a surface peel similar to that of micro-dermabrasion. In order to have an improved complexion 10%-30% should be used in order to remove fine lines and wrinkles and scarring 50%-70% should be used.
These peels should only be carried out by a physician. Glycolic Peels are chemical peels that remove the outer layers of the epidermis. The results that can be achieved are a refreshing of the skin, a lightening of sunspots, (in some situations the complete elimination of sun spots). It also reduces fine wrinkles. It is safest and most effective on the face.
TCA-Trichloroacetic acid: is a more gentle acid(chemical) and can rejuvinate the skin without the risk of serious side effects. Fine wrinkles will be reduced, pigmentation marks removed ot lessened especially age and liver spots. Rough skin and scaly patches can be removed. Skin that is fine and fragile can be significantly rejuvinated. In all cases however chemical peeling is not recommended for people who continue to be sun worshipper. TCA may cause scarring and doesn’t work on removing deep set wrinkles. The results fade in six months to a year.
Jessner Peels: are light to medium peels. They consist of salicylic acid , lactic acid and resorcinol. It is a medium peel that penetrates beyond the top layers of the skin. Jessner peels are usually used to treat severely sun damaged skin and skin discolourations. The Jessner peel slows the production of sebum (oil) on the face and is good for treating acne. They can be used on the face, neck, chest back, arms and hands. It takes a considerable time to heal.
Glycolic Peels: Glycolic acid is one of the best known mild chemical peels called fruit acid or alpha-hydroxy acids (AHA). It is derived from sugarcane and can therefore be considered a natural product. Citric acid from oranges and other citrus fruits also fall under the classification as glycolic acid.
It works by destroying the glue that holds the dead cells to the surface of the skin. These dead cells are chemically burned off. The result is a smoother more youthful appearance.
Salicylic acid: is a beta hydroxy acid. It is best known for its treatment of Acne and acne scarring. At 20%-30% it has a peeling effect on the skin. As in the case of AHAs and beta hydroxy acids, it works by detaching dead cells from the layers underneath to allow for the growth of new cells. It helps to remove blackheads, whiteheads, diminuishes fine lines and wrinkles and improves blemished and unevenly toned skin. Dark skinned people must be made aware that a repeated use of salicylic acid peels may cause hypopigmentation (loss of pigment). read more
Lactic Acid Peel: These peels are derived from yoghurt, sour cream or buttermilk and is milder than the Alpha Hydroxy acids. It is recommended for first time peels and is definitely the best for sensitive skins. It works on the upper layers of the Epidermis loosening the dead cells from the glue like substance that binds the cells together. Lactic Acid is recommended for Sun damaged skin, hyperpigmentation, fine lines, mild acne scars and brown spots.
Micro Dermabrasion: Is a skin freshening technique for aging and sun-damaged skin. This procedure is carried out by a plastic surgeon who uses a device similar to a sand blaster to spray tiny crystals across the face. It is a combination of mild abrasion with suction to remove the dead outer layer (stratum corneum) of the skin. It is used to remove fine lines and wrinkles as well as unwanted pigmentation. More than 1 treatment may be needed to reach to desired results. read more
Herbal Peels: These are mechanical peels used for skin regeneration. The micro circulation of the skin is improved. The metabolic processes are stimulated and as a result new cell production is stimulated. The peeling occurs in the upper layers of the horny layer (stratum corneum). These treatments are used for impure oily skin, to remove fine lines, treat atrophic, sun damaged skin and scarring. Usually more than one treatment is necessary to achieve results. They are not used for strong acne scarring and deep lines and wrinkles.
Chemical Facial Peels
All peels require one to use the recommended homecare, sun protection products
Use only products that are skin compatible or skin identical. Dr Baumann Products
Avoid products containing:
- Chemical preservatives
- Chemical sunscreens
- Chemical Colorants
- Animal derived ingredients
- Mineral oils